Questions 1-11 refer to the following information.
NEH: A Human-Centered Agency
The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is an independent federal agency that was created in 1965 to provide grants to humanities projects throughout the United States. Funding for the agency has been the 1 protagonist of debate for many years. Some critics 2 think the money that goes to the NEH would be better spent on infrastructure or job creation, while others object to the nature of some of the projects that receive funding.
3 Therefore, the agency provides important services in all fifty states and has had a notable impact on American culture over the last fifty years.
The NEH was founded as a direct response to an explosion in scientific research in the middle years of the 20th century. There was concern, especially among those in the fields of arts and humanities, that non-scientific pursuits were in danger of getting left behind or 4 overlooked. The NEH addresses this concern by distributing grant money in seven areas, including preservation, research, education, and digital humanities. Among the most notable projects that have been funded by the NEH over the last 50 years are the Ken Burns documentary The Civil War, the blockbuster Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition "Treasures of 5 Tutankhamen"; and sixteen Pulitzer Prize-winning books.
Although some critics of the NEH argue that the agency's spending is frivolous in an age when our country is in desperate need of spending on more concrete things like infrastructure, NEH grant money 6 which has a positive impact on local economies. Grants that support construction or renovation of facilities employ local construction workers, and the construction or expansion of a museum creates permanent jobs for staff. Preservation funds 7 likewise similarly create jobs for archivists and technicians. One striking example is the NEH-funded excavation of Historic Jamestown—the first permanent English colony in America—which has resulted in the creation of an entirely new local tourist industry. 8
 As federal funding for scientific research and the military continues to increase, we should not forget Seaborg's words.  In the early 1960s, Glenn Seaborg, then head of the Atomic Energy Commission, expressed his support for establishing the NEH by 9 cautioning against an over-reliance on technology: "Science and technology are providing us with the means to travel swiftly. But what course do we take? This is the question that no computer can answer."  The issue should not be 10 weather to fund the NEH but how much.  NEH grants help inform the kind of cultural awareness that is vital to our roles as good citizens in a global community. 11